Dating the exodus from egypt
An early date in the 15th century around 1450 BCE and a late date in the 13th century around 1270 BCE. It would be fair to say that the main motivation for those who support an early date is the defence of this text which states: As we know that this temple was built in 966 BCE going back a further 480 years before that gives us an Exodus date of 1444 BCE.Both sides believe their respective dates to fit in best with the main pieces of biblical, archaeological and other data which are discussed in this essay. Late date supporters must first remove or explain this obstacle before anything else.The next point of contention is that of the beginning of the sojourn. Anderson's view that it is improbable that a Hyksos King would have given the daughter of the priest of On to Joseph as his wife (Gen.The late date argument allows the descent into Egypt to occur when the Hyksos ruled. Anderson says that it is certain that it must be after or during the Hyksos period as a reference to a chariot in Gen. The Early date would give a date 1876 for the Sojourn under Pharaoh Senusert III who has no special reasons for supporting the Hebrews. ) as the Hyksos despised the sun-God Ra whose temple was at On. Whatever the case the Hyksos period would have been a favourable time for the Hebrew entry.As the Hyksos were of a similar racial stock as the Hebrews then it would have been a favourable time for their reception into the country and for Joseph's promotion. The length of the oppression causes problems for both sides.
The south to north order of the three city-states may provide a general location for Israel. "The World of Sinuhe." Israel Oriental Studies 9-408. The Egyptian Papyrus Anastasi III contains "The Journal of a Frontier Official" which mentions this well. It says: Year 3, 1st Month of the 3rd Season, Day 17. Most late date supporters suggest that 480 is arrived at by totalling different values for several periods which actually overlapped.Various formulas for this are suggested However early date supporters would say that the text includes nothing about totals of other periods, just 480 years.